UPDATE: In April 2015, Montana Governor Steve Bullock signed HB 363 to decriminalize student debt and end the practice of revoking someone’s driver’s license if they went into default.
In at least 22 states, your student loan debt could wind up costing you more than your monthly bill – it could cost you your job.
Across the country, a growing number of jobs don’t just require a college degree, but also a professional license or certificate. These jobs come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from K–12 teachers and nurses to electricians and barbers. It’s now projected that nearly 30 percent of jobs legally require you to have a state-issued professional license in order to perform them.
Not surprisingly, jobs that require licenses or professional certificates often also require a college degree. But as affordable higher education has become less and less accessible, an increasing number of students are forced to take out loans to cover the cost of their education. Take the graduating class of 2014 as an example: more than 70 percent of students took out loans to cover the cost of their education, and on average, they owe $33,000 upon graduation. (Never mind the students who took on debt but didn’t end up graduating).
Meanwhile, instead of helping struggling borrowers, many states are making it even harder to get out of debt. In at least 22 states, the government will revoke your professional license if you are unable to pay off your student loan debt.
These state laws target a wide range of professions, including attorneys, physicians and therapists – even barbers make the list. But two professions show up over and over again: nurses and teachers.
Both professions serve a critical role in our communities and are often wildly underpaid. Are we really in a position to be punishing the people we need the most?
In Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and Washington, nurses and health-care professionals can all be locked out from their job if they fall into default on their student loans.
In Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma and Tennessee, laws prevent K–12 teachers from working until they begin to repay their student loans.
And while last month I reported that two states would suspend your driver licenses if you default on your student loans, I’ve since learned that Oklahoma will do the same as well.
In addition to these punitive measures, the fact is that our economic reality can’t keep up with the increasing levels of debt in this country. The amount of debt borrowers incur to get their degrees is skyrocketing, but the wages they’re earning once they graduate (if they’re lucky enough to find a job) aren’t keeping pace. Adjusting for inflation, the average student debtor with federal student loans owed 28 percent more in 2013 than in 2007, while the typical holder of a bachelor’s degree working full time experienced a 0.08 percent decrease in weekly earnings during that same period. So borrowers owe more and make less. It’s no surprise that federal student loan defaults remain at historically high levels of 13.7 percent for the class of 2011.
In President Obama’s 2015 budget, Department of Education data forecasts that the situation could get worse in coming years, with 25.3 percent of all undergraduate Stafford loans issued next year defaulting at some point during the borrower’s repayment term. The projected increase in defaults comes just two months after a December 2014 report by the Department of Education’s Office of the Inspector General indicating that the department lacks a comprehensive plan to curb student loan defaults.
But these states laws aren’t actually an incentive to get workers to pay back their student loans –- they’re just a punishment for workers that don’t prioritize paying back their student loans over things like groceries, rent, health care and school supplies for their children. Losing the ability to drive or work won’t help anyone pay back their student debt – it’s really just serves as a modern-day debtor’s prison.
Thankfully, we are seeing some states begin to move toward righting this wrong. Montana has now introduced legislation to repeal these laws in an effort to stop punishing student debtors whose professional and economic situation makes it increasingly difficult to repay their debt. The question is: will other states join them?