Members of the One Percent, such as former restauranteur Andrew Puzder, have urged Congress to let the $600 a week unemployment supplement Congress enacted as part of the CARES Act expire on schedule on July 31. They argue, in Puzder’s words that “this $600 per week bonus is discouraging work” for low-wage earners.
No one receiving unemployment benefits will make themselves rich on unemployment. The $600 is not a huge incentive to stay home. Even in the states with higher base benefits , the minimum unemployment benefits plus the supplement, leave unemployed people earning less than a living wage far below the US median income.
But as low as unemployment benefits are, they are higher than the U.S. paltry minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, which is tantamount to a starvation wage leaving working families significantly food insecure. Puzder’s argument makes sense: Why would anyone risk their life and health during a pandemic for lower wages than they could receive by remaining unemployed?
In the short-term, we could solve the problem Puzder raises by increasing the minimum wage to $15 an hour or more. A $15 minimum wage would provide people with, yes, $600 a week if they work a full-time job. There goes the incentive not to look for work. Puzder, by the way, opposes raising the minimum wage, which is why he did not suggest that solution.
But such a solution, while alleviating the problem in the short-run, would do nothing to fix the long-term problems in our economy exposed by the novel coronavirus. The fact that Congress passed the CARES Act on an emergency basis with almost no debate, including both hundreds of billions of dollars of bailouts for business and $176 billion for a few months of supplemental unemployment benefits shows just how broken our economy is.
The long-term systemic reason that working people are willing to accept jobs that cannot provide enough income to cover basic needs is because they are unable to organize and demand higher wages. Unionization is clearly tied to higher and more equal wages. The real disincentive working people face is that if they try to assert their right to collective bargaining, they often are quickly fired even though such firing is technically illegal.
The threat losing your job is backed up by real consequences– loss of income, loss of housing, loss of health insurance, and food insecurity. Unemployment benefits are so paltry, the economy cannot survive long during a period of double-digit unemployment.
But working people need more than enforced protections for union organizing, we need their voices and expertise at the center of the Coronavirus recession recovery efforts. Harvard Law School’s Clean Slate for Worker Power project and the Roosevelt Institute have put forward detailed proposals on how to include worker voices during the COVID-19 recovery. With worker solutions at the table and workplace, the economic recovery will be safer, stronger, and quicker. Working people’s voices need to be heard and followed daily, not just every four years during an election cycle. Democracy, particularly economic democracy, lives in the workplace.
Extending the $600 unemployment supplement is not threat to businesses that pay living wages and support worker voices. Not extending it is a threat to every unemployed person who is trying to survive this economic crisis. Puzder attempts to make the argument that small-business owners hiring or trying to hire reported difficulty finding qualified applicants or any applicants and blames the unemployment supplement. What he does not take into account is the volatility of the current workplace with a cycle of re-openings and closings due Coronavirus impacting many of the minimum wage sectors. It took many people weeks to secure unemployment benefits and they are concerned to returning to work that will close a week later will jeopardize their temporary stability. Puzder argues that there is no substitute for the dignity of a job but he grossly misses the mark– forcing people to risk their lives to return to work is the opposite of dignity.
The dignity of work is restored when employment leads to working people securing living wages and having their voices heard.